Diabetes occurs when the body is unable to produce sufficient amounts of insulin or the body to use, hence it leads to high glucose level in the body. It is controlled through the use of medication and also through what you eat. Most times doctors will recommend a change of diet so that you can control your sugar and also be able to manage your weight. This is because if blood glucose is not managed, it can lead to very dangerous complication affecting the kidney or heart and even cause hyperglycemia.
A diabetic diet is a simple eating plan that is high in nutrients, moderate calories and has low fat and sugar content. There is more emphasis on eating vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. This kind of diet is not only good for diabetic people, but also for everyone. This is because your body responds when you eat excess calories and fat, hence rise in glucose levels in the blood. So it is important to take that step and track your eating habits so as to keep the glucose levels within the safe ranges.
When you see a dietician, you will get appropriate guidelines on the kind of goods to avoid and what you can eat. This will depend on your tastes, health goals, and lifestyle.the following is a guide on what you should take:
• Foods with fiber- fiber controls the blood sugar levels and reduces the risk of heart diseases. Fiber diet includes foods that the body can absorb or digest easily such as nuts, fruits, whole wheat flour, vegetables and legumes.
• Healthy carbohydrates- simple carbohydrates (sugars) and complex carbohydrates (starches) are broken down into glucose during digestion. It is important to healthy carbs such as whole grains, legumes, low-fat dairy products, fruits and vegetables.
• Good fats– these are the monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats found in foods such a walnuts, almonds, avocados, olives, and peanuts. They help in lowering the cholesterol levels in the body, but should be eaten in small quantities as they have high calories.
Foods that you should avoid include:
• Trans fat- this kind of fat is found in baked foods, processed snacks, and shortening margarine.
• Saturated fats- these are animal proteins and high-fat dairy products such as hot dogs, beef, bacon, and sausage.
• Sodium- you should take less than 2,300 grams of sodium in a day.
• Cholesterol- found in high-fat dairy products and animal protein such as egg yolks, liver, shellfish and other organ meat you should take less than 300milligrams per day.
It may seem a bit boring choosing what to eat considering you have restricted meals, but you can make your meals enjoyable. A dietician will help you plan and make sure you take a healthy balanced meal with the nutrients in the correct quantities.
The following is a simple day’s menu:
• Breakfast: whole wheat bread or cereals, a fruit and nonfat yogurt.
• Lunch: fish, brown rice, fruit.
• Dinner: pasta with beef stroganoff, leafy greens.
• Snacks: unsalted rice cakes, cheese or fruit.